In: KulturPoetik 2010, Heft 2


Bernard Dieterle


Die Kultur der Revolte im Frankreich der 40er und 50er Jahre




In the period marked by the Second World War and Cold War, a genuine culture of revolt developed in France. This development can be traced back to the inter-war period, and its influences can be felt up to May 1968. Major authors to bring this changes forward were André Breton, Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre. Conceptually, the notion of revolt rivaled the notion of revolution. This was, on various pragmatic and theoretical levels, mirrored by the difficult relationships between these authors and the French Communist Party, which was very powerful at the end of the Second World War. In different cases, however, it is the revolt which turns out to be inseparably linked to culture and literary production.